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Chhath Puja is a very big festival celebrated by the people of Hindu religion, which is celebrated continuously for four days. Chhath festival is also known as Chhath Puja, Chhath, Dala Chhath, Chhathi Mai, Chhath Mai, Shashthi Surya and Shashthi. This festival is mainly celebrated in Bihar, Jharkhand and Eastern Uttar Pradesh of India, while talking about other countries, this festival is also celebrated in the Terai regions of Nepal. Chhath Puja is dedicated to Surya.
According to mythological belief, the sixth mother is the sister of Lord Surya. The festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated with great pomp, especially in Bihar. The people of Bihar consider it as their biggest festival and in a way this festival has become their culture. At the same time, you have to read this article completely to get complete information about why Chhath Puja is celebrated. Then without delay let’s start.
What is Chhath Puja?
Chhath Puja It is a very big festival celebrated by the people of a Hindu religion. The pomp of this festival is seen in Bihar. It is believed that this festival is going on since the Vedic period. The mention of Chhath Puja festival is also found in Ramayana and Mahabharata, that is, this festival is celebrated during the Ramayana period and Mahabharata period Coming from
Sun is mainly worshiped in Chhath Puja. But unlike other Hindu festivals, it does not involve idol worship. Apart from the people of Hindu religion in Bihar, people of Islam and other religions also celebrate. There are some mythological beliefs behind this festival and many stories related to it are also prevalent.
|other names||Chhath, Chhath festival, Dala Chhath, Dala Puja, Surya Shashthi|
|who do||Magahi, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Sadan, Tharu and Madheshi Hindu|
|obedience||People gather at the pond to worship Surya, the sun god and Chhathi Maiya.|
|Date||Kartik Shukla Shashthi|
When is Chhath Puja in 2022?
In 2022, Chhath Puja is on 30 October, Sunday.
History of Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja Many stories related to this are prevalent which are related to Vedic period, Ramayana period and Mahabharata period etc. That is why Chhath Puja i.e. Sun worship is considered very important. Let us make you aware of some stories related to Chhath Puja.
According to the belief of Mahabharata period Beginning of Chhath Puja The Mahabharata happened from the time itself. Karna was the son of the Sun God and was also the ultimate devotee of Lord Surya. It is believed that Karna used to offer Arghya to Surya by standing in water up to half his waist for several hours every day and it was only with the blessings of Lord Surya he became a great warrior.
According to a belief in the Ramayana period, when Lord Rama had conquered Lanka, on the day of the establishment of Ramrajya, on the sixth day of the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month, Lord Rama and Mother Sita worshiped and worshiped Surya and again on the day of Saptami. By performing the rituals, the blessings of the Sun God were obtained.
When is Chhath Puja celebrated?
festival of chhath puja Comes twice a year. According to the Hindi calendar, the festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated on the sixth day of the Shukla Paksha of the month of Kartik and the second comes on the sixth date of the month of Chaitra, but mainly the festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated in the month of Kartik. The festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated every year.
There are many mythological beliefs behind celebrating the festival of Chhath Puja on this day and many stories related to this day are also prevalent. The rituals of Chhath Puja festival are considered very strict. In this, from waterless fasting to offering Sun Arghya by standing in water, etc., which the worshiper has to do in this festival. According to environmentalists, the festival of Chhath Puja is considered to be friendly to nature.
Why is Chhath Puja celebrated?
The festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated for the safety and health benefits of all the family members. On this day worship is done for the natural beauty and welfare of the family. It is believed that by performing Chhath Puja, happiness and prosperity remain in the family and desired results are obtained.
Some women observe a fast on this day for the attainment of the son’s gem and wishing for the well-being of the son. Well this day male and female Both fast almost equally. Men also keep this strict fast to get their desired results. The patient or the sick family members perform Chhath Puja to get rid of the disease.
Method of Chhath Puja
Most important in Chhath festival Chhath Vrat And this fast is very difficult. This festival is celebrated continuously for four days and its beginning is considered to be from the Chaturthi date of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month.
On the first day, Arva rice and pumpkin curry made of rock salt and ghee are eaten as prasad, then the fast starts from the next day.
On the second day, fasting is to be observed without consuming food and water and in the evening, kheer made of jaggery or song juice and rice is to be consumed in solitude, after which it is distributed to all the members of the house as prasad. Arghya is offered to the setting sun on the day of Shashti Tithi and there is a tradition of offering Arghya to the rising sun on the last day of Saptami.
Importance of Chhath Puja
Importance of Chhath Puja Not only from the mythological point of view but also from the scientific point of view. Lord Surya is specially worshiped on Chhath Puja. The rays of the sun are considered very beneficial. In the festival of Chhath Puja, only natural things are used like bamboo, natural fruits and flowers, sugarcane juice etc.
Chhath Puja fast is kept for natural beauty and health benefits. It is believed that women keep this fast for the attainment of a son’s gem and wishing for the well-being of the son. Chhath Vrat By keeping it one gets the desired result. This day is also considered special from a scientific point of view.
How is Chhath Puja celebrated?
The festival of Chhath Puja is mainly celebrated in Bihar. In Bihar, this festival is celebrated with great pomp. The main part of Chhath Puja festival is Chhath fast. Chhath Vrat includes strict rules of keeping food and water without food, offering Arghya to the Sun while standing in water up to waist, accepting prasad in solitude, taking special care of cleanliness etc.
On this day both the wives of Surya Usha i.e. sunrise and Pratyusha i.e. sunset are also worshipped. The folk songs of Shashti Mata are very popular in Bihar. Chhath Puja At the beginning of the festival, the echoes of Chhath Mata folk songs are heard from homes and temples. Chhath Puja has become a tradition of Bihar.
What happens in Chhath Puja?
Sandalwood, rice, vermilion, incense sticks, kumkum, camphor, fruit, honey – green plant of turmeric, radish and ginger
Where is Chhath Puja celebrated?
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
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